Perimenopause Symptoms: How to Prepare for Menopause with Skincare and Wellness Tips

Perimenopause Symptoms: How to Prepare for Menopause with Skincare and Wellness Tips

Perimenopause marks the beginning of the transition into menopause, typically starting in women’s late 30s to early 40s. These phases bring a mix of expected and surprising physical and emotional changes, from hormonal shifts to emotional ups and downs. Still, feeling unsure or overwhelmed? That's completely normal, and you're not alone.

It’s a time that definitely deserves understanding and preparation. At Fièra, we get it. We’re right here with you on this journey, offering more than just skincare products. Let’s navigate this phase together, embracing each change with grace and confidence. Because feeling your best isn’t just about skincare – it’s about embracing the beauty of every age and stage.

Understanding Perimenopause

Perimenopause marks the transitional phase leading to menopause, typically beginning in the late 30s to early 40s for many women. During this period, hormonal fluctuations occur. The ovaries gradually reduce their production of progesterone and estrogen, two primary hormones that maintain reproductive health and regulate the menstrual cycle and other bodily functions.

Age Range when it Typically Begins

Perimenopause typically begins 8-10 years before menopause. While it commonly starts around the late 30s to early 40s, though it can vary. Factors such as genetics, lifestyle choices, and overall health can influence when a woman experiences perimenopause signs and enters this phase of hormonal transition.

Hormonal Changes During Perimenopause

During perimenopause, progesterone and estrogen levels fluctuate unpredictably, leading to irregular menstrual cycles and other perimenopause symptoms in women over 40.

Decrease in Estrogen

Estrogen levels fluctuate and eventually decline during perimenopause. This hormone regulates the menstrual cycle, maintains bone density, and supports cardiovascular health. As estrogen levels decrease, menstrual cycles may become irregular, and women may experience perimenopause symptoms like vaginal dryness and hot flashes.

Decrease in Progesterone

Progesterone levels also decrease during perimenopause. This hormone is responsible for preparing the uterus for pregnancy each month by thickening the uterine lining. As progesterone levels decline, menstrual periods may become irregular, and women may experience mood swings and changes in sleep patterns.

Duration of Perimenopause

Perimenopause can last anywhere from 4 to 10 years, although the average duration is around 4 years. The length of perimenopause varies among women and is influenced by factors such as genetics, lifestyle, and overall health influencing the timeline.

Common Perimenopause Symptoms

As women hit perimenopause, they're in for a ride with a mix of menopause symptoms that can hit in all sorts of ways. It's those hormone shifts really doing the driving, getting you ready for the big M – Menopause.

Irregular Periods

One of the earliest perimenopause signs is irregular menstrual cycles. This can include shorter or longer cycles, skipped periods, or changes in flow. These fluctuations occur due to the declining levels of estrogen and progesterone, which affect the timing and regularity of ovulation.

Hot Flashes and Night Sweats

Hot flashes are sudden feelings of warmth, often accompanied by flushing and sweating, particularly in the upper body and face. It is often accompanied by a rapid heartbeat. Night sweats can disrupt the sleep and contribute to fatigue and discomfort during the day (we feel you!).

Mood Swings (Irritability, Anxiety, Depression)

Many perimenopause symptoms can be attributed to the many hormonal and biochemical changes that take place during perimenopause. Hormonal changes during perimenopause can impact mood regulation, leading to mood swings characterized by irritability, anxiety, and occasional feelings of depression. You may find yourself experiencing more frequent emotional ups and downs (and who could blame you?).

Sleep Disturbances

Many women develop trouble with sleeping during the perimenopausal years. This may mean trouble falling asleep, remaining asleep, or getting up too early.

Fatigue and Low Energy

As levels of certain hormones change and regular patterns of sleep are disrupted, women often feel extraordinarily fatigued and lack the energy that generally prompts routine activities. One may need to rest more than usual or seem to lack motivation for activities.

Weight Gain and Metabolism Changes

During perimenopause, the metabolic rate slows down, and fat accumulation around the abdomen becomes easier. Hence, the weight might start increasing, and even though most women have difficulty shedding weight at this juncture, requisite changes in diet and exercise can keep weight under control. But remember that you're beautiful at every stage.

Decreased Libido

Changes in hormone levels may result in reduced sexual desire and arousal. Many women may experience a decrease in libido or changes in sexual responsiveness during this phase. This can affect intimacy and sexual satisfaction.

Vaginal Dryness

The dwindling levels of estrogen can cause thinning, drying, and inflammation of the vaginal walls making it difficult to have pleasant intercourse and having a chance of developing vaginal infections.

Transition from Perimenopause to Menopause

The transition to menopause is a unique experience for each woman. When a menstrual period has not occurred for 12 consecutive months, menopause is then confirmed, marking the end of reproductive years.

But it's not just about cycles. This phase brings emotional resilience challenges, changes in body image, and increased health concerns like osteoporosis and heart disease risk. Staying on top with lifestyle tweaks and regular check-ins is key as you navigate this shift. And don't forget, your skin needs TLC too—supporting its changes keeps that glow going strong.

Looking to enhance your beauty at any age? Check out our expert makeup tips for mature skin to complement your skincare routine.

Skin Changes During Perimenopause and Menopause

As women move through perimenopause and into menopause, the skin goes through noticeable changes due to hormonal shifts. These fluctuations can lead to various skin issues, highlighting the importance of knowing what to expect during this phase. Knowing the skin issues during perimenopause and menopause helps you prep and tweak your skincare game like a boss.

Hormonal Fluctuations and Their Impact on Skin

During perimenopause and menopause, the decline in estrogen levels can lead to noticeable changes in the skin. Estrogen plays a key role in maintaining skin's hydration, elasticity, and thickness, so its reduction can result in several skin concerns.


One of the most common issues is dryness. As estrogen levels drop, the skin’s natural oil production decreases, leading to a loss of moisture. This can leave your menopausal skin feeling tight, rough, and prone to flaking.

Skin Sensitivity

Hormonal changes can also make your skin more sensitive. You might notice increased redness, irritation, or even a tendency to develop rashes more easily than before. This heightened sensitivity means your skin may react differently to products you've used for years.

Skin Thinning

As estrogen levels decline, the skin's collagen production decreases, causing the skin to thinThinner skin is more fragile and susceptible to bruising and damage. It may also take longer to heal from cuts or abrasions.

Loss of Elasticity

The reduction in collagen and elastin production leads to a loss of elasticity in the skin. You might notice your skin becoming looser and less firm, which can contribute to sagging, especially around the jawline and under the eyes.

Increase in Fine Lines and Wrinkles

With the decrease in collagen and moisture, fine lines and wrinkles become more pronounced. These signs of aging are often more noticeable around the eyes, forehead, and mouth, giving the skin a more aged appearance.

Hyperpigmentation and Age Spots

Hormonal fluctuations can also cause an increase in melanin production, leading to hyperpigmentation and age spots. These dark patches and spots can appear on the hands, face, and other areas exposed to the sun, making your skin tone appear uneven.

Struggling with dark circles? Discover why concealers don’t work on dark circles and learn how to effectively address them.

Taking Care of Your Skin During Perimenopause and Menopause

As you transition through perimenopause and menopause, tweak your skincare routine to match your changing skin needs. Hormonal shifts might bring dryness, sensitivity, and less elasticity. Here’s how to keep your skin happy:

Gentle Cleansing and Moisturizing

Using gentle cleansers is crucial during perimenopause and menopause, as the skin becomes more sensitive. Harsh cleansers can brutally strip away natural oils, leaving you high and dry—literally. Reach for mild, hydrating cleansers that clean without the over-drying.

And moisturize like it's your job! With estrogen levels on a rollercoaster, your skin needs all the hydration it can get. Go for a rich, nourishing moisturizer that locks in moisture and keeps your skin feeling supple and smooth. Look out for ingredients like hyaluronic acid—they're like a big drink of water for your skin, keeping it hydrated all day long.

Importance of Hydration (Both Internal and External)

Hydration is your skin's best friend when you observe perimenopause and menopause symptoms. Internally, drinking plenty of water helps keep your skin hydrated and flushes out toxins. Aim for at least eight glasses of water a day to keep your glow on.

And on the outside? Hydrating skincare products are your go-to. They can combat the dryness associated with hormonal changes. Products containing hyaluronic acid, glycerin, and ceramides can help replenish moisture and strengthen the skin’s barrier.

Sun Protection and the Importance of SPF

Protecting your mature skin from the sun is a non-negotiable, especially when you have menopausal skin. Hormonal changes can leave your skin more vulnerable to UV damage, leading to an increased risk of hyperpigmentation and age spots.

Make SPF your BFF—opt for a broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least SPF (Sun Protection Factor) 30 into your daily routineApply it every morning, regardless of the weather, to shield your skin from harmful UV rays and keep your complexion looking radiant and youthful.

Incorporating Anti-Aging Products

To address the signs of aging that become more pronounced during menopause, think about adding anti-aging products to your skincare routine. Seek out products packed with:

  • Hyaluronic Acid: This powerful hydrator plumps the skin and reduces the appearance of fine lines.
  • Retinoids: Known for their ability to promote cell turnover and boost collagen production, retinoids can help diminish wrinkles and improve menopausal skin texture.
  • Peptides: These proteins support the skin’s structure and resilience, helping to firm and smooth the skin.
  • Antioxidants: Some ingredients like vitamins C and E protect the skin from the free radical damage and brighten the complexion.

Curious about why many women over 40 are ditching their foundation? Explore their reasons and find out if it’s time for you to make the switch.

Exfoliation to Promote Cell Turnover

Keeping your skin fresh and glowing during menopause means exfoliating right. It’s all about boosting cell turnover and ditching those dull, uneven bits. However, as your skin becomes more sensitive, it’s important to choose gentle exfoliants and go easy on yourself.

Opt for some mild chemical exfoliants like lactic acid or glycolic acid, which can effectively exfoliate without causing irritation. Limit exfoliation to once or twice a week to avoid over-exfoliating and resultantly damaging the skin barrier.

Recommended Products for Menopausal Skin

Handling those skin changes during perimenopause and menopause calls for good skincare products. The Fièra Skincare Set is specially crafted to meet the unique needs of mature skin during this phase. Here’s what it brings to the table:

  • Citrus Stem Cell Serum: This serum is formulated to evidently firm the skin and reduce the appearance of dark spots, giving your complexion a more even tone and youthful radiance.
  • Multi-Effect Neck & Décolletage Cream: Designed to address sagging and loss of firmness in the jawline and neck area, this cream helps achieve a lifted appearance while hydrating and smoothing delicate skin.
  • Apple Stem Cell Cream: Infused with apple stem cells, this cream targets fine lines and wrinkles, promotes a glowing complexion, and enhances skin hydration, helping your skin look revitalized and youthful.

When you bring the Fièra Skincare Set into your daily routine, you’re giving your skin the love it needs to stay strong, hydrated, and glowing through perimenopause and menopause symptoms. Each product is formulated with ingredients chosen to address specific concerns of mature skin, promoting a more youthful and resilient complexion.

Wondering which makeup looks may not suit you anymore? Explore two makeup looks you’re too old for.

Preparing for Menopause

Preparing for menopause is a proactive way to manage the physical and emotional changes that come with this transition. Here are some key steps to make sure you tackle this phase head-on with confidence and health.

Healthy Diet and Nutrition

Diet plays a significant role in the menopausal transition. A balanced diet that has an adequate intake of calcium and vitamin D is considered of prime importance for bone health as the risk of osteoporosis starts to rise after estrogen levels drop. Here’s what to include in your diet:

  • Leafy Greens: Spinach, broccoli, and kale are packed with calcium, vitamin K, and antioxidants that support bone health and reduce inflammation.
  • Fatty Fish: Salmon, mackerel, and sardines provide omega-3 fatty acids, which can support your heart health and help decrease inflammation.
  • Nuts and Seeds: Almonds, chia seeds, and flaxseeds are excellent sources of healthy fats, calcium, and magnesium, contributing to overall health and well-being.

Eating a mix of nutrient-packed foods gives you the vitamins and minerals to power through this phase with energy and vitality.

Keeping a Symptom Diary

Tracking your symptoms can be incredibly helpful during perimenopause and menopause. It's like having your personal roadmap to feeling fab. You can start seeing patterns and triggers much more efficiently by having a diary of symptoms so you can take control of managing your health a lot more simply.

Maintain a record of your menstrual periods, episodes of hot flashes, mood swings, or other such symptoms. There are plenty of menopause-specific apps that can help you log these details effortlessly.

Regular Exercise

Staying active is one of the best ways to manage perimenopause symptoms. Regular exercise helps maintain strength, flexibility, and cardiovascular health, which are vital as your body undergoes hormonal changes.

  • Yoga: This practice enhances flexibility, reduces stress, and improves overall well-being. Plus, it can help manage symptoms like hot flashes and mood swings.
  • Walking: A simple, low-impact exercise that boosts cardiovascular health and helps maintain a healthy weight.
  • Strength Training: Building muscle mass helps counteract the decline in metabolism and bone density, reducing the risk of osteoporosis.

Incorporating a mix of these simple exercises into your routine can significantly improve your physical and mental health.

Skin, Hair, and Nails Care

Menopause can bring obvious changes to your skin, hair, and nails due to fluctuating hormone levels. Your skin may become drier and less elastic, hair might thin, and nails could become brittle.

To keep your skin glowing and healthy, consider using reliable skincare products like the Fièra Skincare Set, specifically designed for mature skin. This set includes nourishing products that hydrate and rejuvenate, helping you maintain a radiant complexion through this phase of life.

Stress Management

Managing stress during menopause is crucial as it can worsen symptoms like mood swings and sleep disturbances. Here are some effective techniques:

  • Meditation: Regular meditation and mindfulness can help you calm your mind, reduce anxiety, and improve emotional balance.
  • Deep Breathing: Simple deep breathing exercises can quickly lower stress levels and promote relaxation.
  • Hobbies: Engaging in activities you love, whether it’s gardening, painting, or reading, can provide a welcome distraction and boost your mood.

Get Talking About Menopause

Around 6 million women worldwide are currently going through menopause. Menopause Support states that 1 in 4 women experience severe symptoms, with many feeling unsupported and misunderstood.

Speaking out for oneself openly about menopause can break the stigma and provide much-needed support. Sharing your experience with friends or family in support groups can be empowering and comforting. It's important to feel you are heard and understood throughout these experiences.

Medical Support

Routine check-ups with your healthcare provider during menopause are essential. This function allows discussion with symptoms and professional advice about whether you are managing your health.

Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT): In certain women, HRT proves to be very effective in relieving menopause symptoms. Talk to your doctor about the pros and cons to help decide if this treatment is proper for you.

The Bottom Line

Let’s face it—perimenopause and menopause can be a wild ride, but being prepared makes all the difference. Embrace a healthy lifestyle, keep active, and give your skin the love it deserves with the Fièra Skincare Set. Staying hydrated, eating well, and protecting your skin from the sun can keep you looking and feeling fabulous.

Don’t hesitate to talk to your healthcare provider for personalized advice. Remember, this is just another chapter in your journey, and with the right care, you can navigate it with confidence and grace. You’ve got this!


What is the difference between menopause and perimenopause?

Perimenopause is the transitional phase that leads to menopause, marked by hormonal fluctuations and various symptoms like irregular periods and hot flashes. Menopause is defined as having gone 12 consecutive months without a period, signaling the end of a woman's reproductive years.

How can I tell if I am in perimenopause?

Signs of perimenopause include changes in menstrual cycles (irregular periods, heavier or lighter bleeding), hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings, and sleep disturbances. If you're experiencing these symptoms, it's a good idea to talk to your healthcare provider for confirmation and advice.

What are the best ways to manage hot flashes?

Managing hot flashes can involve lifestyle changes such as staying cool, dressing in layers, and avoiding triggers like spicy foods and caffeine. Regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, and stress-reducing techniques can also help. Some women find relief with hormone replacement therapy (HRT), but it's important to discuss this option with your doctor.

Is hormone replacement therapy (HRT) safe?

While for many women, HRT is an effective way to manage menopause symptoms, potential risks and benefits should be well weighed. A detailed discussion of this subject with your doctor or healthcare provider will help you find out if HRT suits you, considering your unique set of health issues and needs.

How can I take care of my skin during menopause?

To improve your skin during menopause, focus on hydration and nourishment. Use gentle cleansers and rich moisturizers to combat dryness, and incorporate products with anti-aging ingredients like hyaluronic acid, retinoids, and antioxidants. Protect your menopausal skin from the sun with broad-spectrum SPF.

Back to blog